Click on the links below to find answers to some Frequently Asked Questions.
- What is the ONE Future Coalition?
- Are any NGOs or trade associations members of ONE Future?
- What is the goal of ONE Future?
- Why does ONE Future aspire to a 1 percent leak/loss rate, and not some other target?
- Aren’t emissions from the upstream natural gas industry already less than one percent?
- If emissions differ across industry segments, will reduction targets also vary between segments?
- How will ONE Future’s “segment targets” be established?
- How does an individual company translate ONE Future’s industry-wide emission target into a company-specific goal?
- Why are you focused on reducing your rate of emissions as opposed to your total volume of emissions?
- How is a company’s target emissions rate determined?
- Why start with a performance target instead of a known technology?
- What activities are planned for 2015?
- What has ONE Future achieved so far?
Still have questions? Please let us know!
ONE Future is the trade name for “Our Nation’s Energy Future Coalition, Inc.,” which is a coalition of companies from across the natural gas industry focused on identifying policy and technical solutions that yield continuous improvement in the management of methane emissions associated with the production, processing, transmission and distribution of natural gas. If adopted widely, our system of emissions management could lower total methane emissions to less than one percent of gross production – the point at which the use of natural gas for any purpose provides clear and immediate GHG-reduction benefits as compared to any other fossil fuel in any other application.
No. Membership in ONE Future is limited to natural gas industry participants from all segments of the natural gas supply chain that have operations in the production, gathering and processing, transmission and storage, or distribution segments of the natural gas industry. Our by-laws prohibit any NGO or trade association to be a member. However, ONE Future does intend they may be on an advisory panel providing technical guidance [not policy] to our work products and members.
ONE Future is focused on demonstrating an innovative, performance-based approach to the management of methane emissions directed toward a concrete goal: to achieve an average rate of methane emissions across the entire natural gas value chain that is one percent or less of total (gross) natural gas production. (To put this in perspective, the EPA estimates that the natural gas industry’s average rate of methane emissions is approximately 1.3 percent of gross production today – an emissions rate which equates to roughly 360 billion cubic feet (BCF) per year.)
We chose the one percent target for several related reasons:
- Feasibility. We believe that an emissions intensity rate of one percent or less is ambitious, but achievable using existing technology and practices.
- Scientific research. A well-known peer-reviewed study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences entitled, “Greater focus needed on methane leakage from natural gas infrastructure” (Alvarez et al.) suggested that in order for natural gas usage to provide immediate greenhouse gas reduction benefits as compared to any other fossil fuel in any other application, the industry would have to achieve a leak/loss rate of one percent or less. While ONE Future members do not unequivocally accept every conclusion of that paper, we believe it is sufficiently robust to serve as a guidepost for our aspirational targets.
- Public acceptance. We strive for continuous improvement in order to ensure that natural gas remains the fuel of choice for any end-use segment at all times: power – including natural gas delivered by local distribution companies for power generation; residential, commercial and industrial demand; and important emerging markets like transportation and LNG exports.
- Affordability. Finally, we believe that the industry can cost-effectively achieve an average emissions intensity rate of one percent. Eliminating all emissions would be both technically infeasible and economically untenable. However, ONE Future believes that targeted investment in abatement technologies today can both yield significant improvements in environmental performance and supply chain efficiency – and that’s just good business.
That’s right – the most recent EPA data suggests that the ‘upstream’ segment (the companies that explore for and produce natural gas) emits approximately 0.42 percent or less of the natural gas it produces. But the oil and gas exploration and production segment is only part of the total natural gas value chain, which is traditionally broken into four segments. EPA estimates that the average methane emission rates attributable to each these four principal segments as follows:
- Exploration and production segment– 0.42 percent
- Natural gas gathering and processing segment– 0.19 percent
- Natural gas transmission and storage – 0.44 percent
- Natural gas distribution and retail segment– 0.26 percent
Added together, EPA estimates that the average methane emissions rate across the entire natural gas value chain amounted to roughly 1.31 percent of gross production in 2013.
Yes. ONE Future’s approach will establish segment-specific emission reduction targets that are in rough, but not direct proportion to that segment’s respective share of total emissions and the reduction potentials considering current regulatory barriers.
Under the ONE Future approach, each of the four industry segments aims for emission reduction targets that are in rough, but not direct proportion to their respective share of total emissions and reduction potentials, considering current regulatory barriers. Each of ONE Future’s member companies seek to provide maximum value to the consumer, and it is for that reason that our approach to reducing methane emissions is focused on identifying and addressing the most cost-effective emission sources. Because the cost-effective opportunities to reduce emissions are not necessarily distributed equally among industry segments, each segment’s reduction target may be adjusted slightly to reflect those realities. ONE Future has commissioned independent technical studies by leading researchers in the field that will determine specific emission reduction targets for each segment. However, as detailed above, our overall goal is clear: an industry-wide average emissions intensity equivalent to one percent or less of gross US natural gas production.
How does an individual company translate ONE Future’s industry-wide emission target into a company-specific goal?
ONE Future companies will be guided by their respective segment’s target rate. For example: an exploration and production company will seek to achieve an average rate of emissions that is at or below the segment target for the exploration and production segment. Once segment targets are established, each company will examine its emissions profile across its covered operations, looking for emissions sources and identifying abatement opportunities.
Each company then has the flexibility to determine the most cost-effective pathway to achieve its segment target considering its own particular operations and plans. This flexibility is crucial, as the latest science demonstrates that there are many factors that could determine a company’s emissions profile – and those factors will cause reduction/abatement strategies to vary from one operational area to another and from one company to another. Commercial considerations may render emission reductions at one facility cost-prohibitive, while similar alterations at a different facility may make sense. That is why ONE Future’s emission reduction goals are focused on reducing the corporate-wide average emissions rate relative to the segment emissions target.
In short, ONE Future is not a “one size fits all” program that simply mandates the implementation of a certain technology or replacement of a certain emitting device. Rather, we are focused on overall performance that achieves the greatest reductions at the lowest cost – and our members will demonstrate progress according to specific reporting and verification protocols (which are under development).
While reducing one’s rate of emissions is not incompatible with reducing one’s total volume of emissions, using a mass-based metric of measurement is problematic for several reasons. First, emission rates are the only way to meaningfully benchmark performance between companies and across industry segments. A focus on volumes fails to capture the differences between large and small companies, among other important factors. Second, our companies are in the business of producing, processing, transporting, and supplying natural gas – and our businesses are focused on achieving growth, while relentlessly striving for continuous improvement in safety, environmental performance, and customer satisfaction.
ONE Future focuses on ensuring that total methane emissions from across the entire gas value chain will eventually amount to less than 1% of gross natural gas production. Each industry segment’s reduction target is determined by their proportional share of current emissions that can be abated cost-effectively. Participating companies then implement measures to ensure that their emissions are reduced to or below their segment’s sub-target.
ONE Future focuses on achieving results with credibility. Companies will document and report progress under ONE Future’s approach but the ONE Future approach also allows a company to focus on achieving efficiencies across the entire operation – as a basic business activity, rather than a burden.
Setting a performance target allows a company to deploy capital where it will be most effective in reducing emissions. This is important, because most studies clearly show that the majority of methane emissions come from a small fraction of sources. ONE Future’s approach allows companies to focus their resources on identifying and addressing those major sources.
- Research and catalogue emissions data from the natural gas value chain. ONE Future has retained AECOM (formerly URS) to review the EPA Greenhouse Gas Inventory (GHGI), GHG Reporting Rule and other reports and scientific papers. AECOM will catalog potential updates to emission factors and activity data and provide recommendations for improvements to EPA’s GHGI and GHGRP.
- Establish uniform emissions accounting protocols. In addition, AECOM will help to develop specific accounting and reporting protocols for ONE Future participants, which will ensure that all companies are using uniform metrics to assess and report their emissions. These protocols will draw on the latest science to update the accounting standards of the EPA’s Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program, and augment those standards with protocols for sources not currently covered by the GHGRP.
- Catalogue cost-effective opportunities to reduce methane emissions. Additionally, ONE Future has hired ICF International to conduct a comprehensive analysis of methane abatement technologies and their marginal abatement costs. These projects will be closely coordinated with input from the EPA and DOE and also an external advisory panel made up of academia, NGOs and industry.
- Constructive engagement with policymakers. ONE Future will also be actively engaged with policymakers in Washington as well as at the state and local levels, where we will work to foster constructive dialogue on reasonable, science-based and cost-effective methane emission management policies.
Specific recognition in the Obama Administration’s Strategy to Reduce Methane Emissions. The Obama Administration recently announced a series of steps it will take to reduce methane emissions. Included in the announcement, was a specific recognition of the ONE Future coalition: “EPA will work with DOE, DOT, and leading companies, individually and through broader initiatives such as the One Future Initiative and the Downstream Initiative, to develop and verify robust commitments to reduce methane emissions. This new effort will encourage innovation, provide accountability and transparency, and track progress toward specific methane emission reduction activities and goals to reduce methane leakage across the natural gas value chain.”
Improved interagency cooperation. In addition to ensuring that ONE Future’s voluntary program is accommodated and acknowledged by the EPA, the Administration has also already commenced work to act on ONE Future’s recommendations to reduce methane emissions by improving coordination between Federal agencies. For instance, we expect that PHMSA and FERC safety mandates will increasingly accommodate EPA’s goals of reducing avoidable methane emissions in conducting pipeline blowdowns.